Scheduled Scraping on Nelify using Zapier
Recently I had a thing. I wanted to
- Scrape things every midnight
- Commit the result into the repository (and push to the remote, of course)
- Build the website (it's on gatsby)
So this post will briefly guide you how I went through those.
1. Triggering deployment with webhook
Netlify provides a webhook endpoint. Zapier triggers it every midnight. I've followed the steps from this post.
2. Scraping things
When the webhook is triggered, Netlify executes the deployment script(for example,
yarn build). By the way, the timeout is 15 minutes.
3. commit && push
Let's say scrapper has dropped the result at
data/2019-01-01.json. I want to commit and push the change. When this deployment was made by Netlify, it checked out the repository in a
detached head state. So we need to do a few things in order to properly make a commit on
git config --global user.email "firstname.lastname@example.org"git config --global user.name "my-user-name"git checkout mastergit pull https://$MY_GIT_USERNAME:$MY_GIT_PASSWORD@github.com:your/project.git masterrun_some_scraping_heregit add data/*git commit -m "add new data @ netlify"git push https://$MY_GIT_USERNAME:$MY_GIT_PASSWORD@github.com:your/project.git master
First I set git config so that commit can be made with correct information(By default, there's none, so commit fails).
And to access my git repository, I set
MY_GIT_PASSWORD at Build Environment Variables on Netlify. Don't ever commit this info into your git repository.
At first, I'm in a detached head state, so I need to
git checkout master before making any commit. And
git pull to make sure I'm on the latest version. When I was testing, after
git checkout master, the master branch was still pointing to an old commit. I guess it's because of some caching issue.
After making the local branch up-to-date, you can run some scraping job. And stage, commit and push the change.
And now you can go on with building your website with the recently scrapped data.
4. One more thing,
When I just pushed the new commit to my remote repository, it just triggered another deployment at Netlify! That's totally unnecessary. So if I managed to push new commit, then current deployment may just stop there so that new deployment will cover it.
git commit -m "add new data @ netlify"if [ $? -eq 0 ]then# New data added, so let's push and just quit this deploy.# This push will trigger new deployment.git push https://$MY_GIT_USERNAME:$MY_GIT_PASSWORD@github.com:your/project.git masterexit 1else# nothing added, let's keep continuing.exit 0fi
So that's what I've done. With this way, if there's any new commit, it will push and just exit with non-zero code, stopping the current deployment and triggering new fresh deployment by push. If there's nothing newly committed, it goes on with the current deployment.
This will cover both midnight scheduled deployment and usual deployment triggered by my own